Download e-book for kindle: A Dictionary of Japanese Counting Words by Jason Monti

By Jason Monti

Counting may be probably the most maddening elements of eastern grammar for rookies of the language. the reason is, there's no basic, systematic manner of doing so in jap like there's in English. in the end, as a way to count number canine in English, easily positioned the precise quantity in entrance of the be aware "dog" and upload the enclitic "s" to it: 5 canine, for instance. you are able to do this with any count number noun in English. with a purpose to count number person components of non-count nouns in English, choose a suitable degree and count number these in its place: 5 drops of water. despite the fact that, jap treats all nouns an identical means English treats water, and every little thing has its personal, detailed counting note, or counter, that attaches to the quantity in an effort to count number the nouns. There are good over of those, yet so much eastern use in simple terms approximately fifty of them in daily dialog. a few of them are super vast in which means, corresponding to "hon", which covers lengthy, cylindrical gadgets, starting from trains to pencils to bottles. Others are much less common, yet nonetheless hide a huge variety of items, akin to "hiki", which covers such a lot animals. a few, even though, are hugely particular (and obscure), equivalent to "rin", which one makes use of to count number fish scales. If this weren't not easy sufficient, each one counter combines with numerals in numerous methods, inflicting alterations in pronunciation in response to the 1st sound of the counter and the final sound of the numeral: "ichi" + "kai" turns into "ikkai", now not "ichikai", as one could anticipate. This e-book will function a reference device for someone who speaks or writes eastern, from scholars to researchers to translators. every one counter has its personal web page that information how the counter interacts with numbers one via ten in addition to different abnormal models. Many entries comprise additional notes that upload context and fascinating ancient minutiae that explains utilization improvement. an intensive Index of English Meanings assists the reader in finding applicable counters.

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A Dictionary of Japanese Counting Words by Jason Monti

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